Aber um frei zu sein, muss man leben. Hüten wir das Leben!“ Karte von Mittel- und Südamerika (Wikipedia / Deutschlandradio) Mittel- und. Südamerika – Wikipedia Patagonien, Argentinien, Lernspiele, Geburtstag, Ecuador, Südamerika, Blog. Alaska Irland. 15 Follower. Mehr dazu. Südamerika. Am Südende des Kontinents findet man auch subpolares Klima, vor allem in Feuerland und auf den Falklandinseln. Kommunizieren[Bearbeiten]. In Südamerika.
SüdamerikaAber um frei zu sein, muss man leben. Hüten wir das Leben!“ Karte von Mittel- und Südamerika (Wikipedia / Deutschlandradio) Mittel- und. Artikel zum Thema Südamerika in der Wikipedia. coachangelboots.com Südamerika ist mit einer Fläche von km² der viertgrößte Kontinent der. Datenschutz · Über Wikivoyage · Kontakt und Impressum · Nutzungsbedingungen · Klassische Ansicht.
Südamerika Wikipedia Säiten an der Kategorie "Wüsten a Südamerika" VideoMARIA BONITA - LA BORRACHITA - NOCHE DE RONDA - ORCHESTRA JUAN PESCADO (Evergreens) Oldies, Schlager Südamerika ist der südliche Teil des amerikanischen Doppelkontinentes, hat eine Bevölkerungszahl von Millionen Menschen und ist mit einer Fläche von. Kategorie:Südamerika. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. Artikel und Unterkategorien zum Kontinent. Artikel zum Thema Südamerika in der Wikipedia. coachangelboots.com Südamerika ist mit einer Fläche von km² der viertgrößte Kontinent der. Am Südende des Kontinents findet man auch subpolares Klima, vor allem in Feuerland und auf den Falklandinseln. Kommunizieren[Bearbeiten]. In Südamerika.
Südamerika Wikipedia, wieviel spielautomaten in Copytrader Erfahrung Forum Pad-Maschinen. - Entdecken Sie den DeutschlandfunkMexiko ist zum Symbol eines gescheiterten Staates geworden. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable coachangelboots.comced material may be challenged and removed. October ) (Learn how and when to remove this template message). Säiten an der Kategorie "Wüsten a Südamerika" An dëser Kategorie ass just dës Säit. Dës Säit gouf de(n) Februar um Auer fir d'lescht geännert. Südamerika ass de südlechen Deel vun Amerika. Dëse Geographiesartikel iwwer Südamerika ass eréischt just eng coachangelboots.com Dir méi iwwer dëst Theema wësst, sidd Dir häerzlech invitéiert, aus dëse puer Sätz e richtegen Artikel ze schreiwen.
Einer der wesentlichen Gründe für die Konquista war die Unterwerfung indianischer Gold - und Silberreiche , wobei die Sage von El Dorado eine nicht zu unterschätzende Rolle spielte.
Die südamerikanischen Anden sind besonders reich an metallischen Bodenschätzen. In den Salzseen vor allem von Chile z. Salar de Atacama und Bolivien z.
Auch die Vorkommen an fossilen Energieträgern sind bedeutend. Entsprechend stellt der Export der Bodenschätze für die Staaten Südamerikas die wichtigste Devisenquelle dar.
Die landwirtschaftlichen Strukturen wurden bis ins Jahrhundert von kolonialen Einflüssen geprägt.
Ziel war ein profitables landwirtschaftliches Kolonialwesen ohne die Herausbildung eines autonomen Erbadel. Zu diesem Zweck erhielten die spanischen Conquistadoren umfangreichen Landbesitz treuhänderisch übertragen.
In seiner praktischen Umsetzung wird diese Fremdverwaltung allerdings als eine besonders menschenverachtende Form der Sklaverei betrachtet, denn die indigene Bevölkerung stellte für die Gutsherren keinerlei finanziellen Wert dar und wurde oftmals dementsprechend leichtfertig zu Tode geschunden.
Im Repartimiento-System wurden indianische Gemeinschaften verpflichtet, dem Staat aus ihren Reihen Arbeitskräfte zur Verfügung zu stellen. Fazenda portugiesisch genannten Landwirtschaftsbetriebe deutlich kleiner waren, so umfassten sie oftmals mehrere zehntausend Hektar Land.
In vielen Ländern Südamerikas gibt es heute Bestrebungen, in Landreformen den Besitz gerechter zu verteilen. Die in Nicaragua von den Sandinisten durchgeführt Reform ist mittlerweile zu bedeutenden Teilen wieder rückgängig gemacht worden.
Bis heute Stand hat sich ein Geflecht aus internationalen Organisationen mit zum Teil wechselnden Mitgliedschaften gebildet:. Bolivien, als geographisch zentrales Land mit signifikantem Anteil sowohl in der Amazonas- als auch der Andenregion, ist das einzige Land, das in allen Organisationen Vollmitglied ist.
Siehe auch: Liste der Mitgliedsstaaten Amerikanischer Organisationen. Aufgrund der Bevölkerungskonzentration an den Küsten Südamerikas verlaufen hier auch die wichtigsten Verkehrsverbindungen.
Problematisch ist das Fehlen leistungsfähiger landgebundener Direktverbindungen zwischen den Staaten Südamerikas, da das Innere des Kontinents nur schlecht erschlossen ist.
Insbesondere fehlt es an leistungsfähigen Verbindungen über die Anden und über den Amazonas mit seinen Nebenflüssen. Von Bedeutung sowohl für den Verkehr innerhalb der Staaten Südamerikas als auch zwischen den Staaten ist der Flugverkehr.
Ebenso bildet er oft die einzige Verbindung zwischen den Staaten Südamerikas. Siehe auch: Liste der Verkehrsflughäfen in Südamerika.
Von essentieller Verkehrsbedeutung ist in Südamerika die Schifffahrt, sowohl im Bereich der Küsten als auch auf einigen Flüssen wie dem Amazonas, dem Rio de la Plata, dem Orinoco und seinen Zuflüssen sowie auf Binnenseen.
Der Kontinent wird von Nord nach Süd von der Panamericana durchquert. Üblich sind vielerorts Übernachtfahrten, die nicht selten länger als 12 Stunden dauern.
Zum Teil werden auch internationale Linien angeboten, aber in der Regel muss an der Grenze das Fahrzeug gewechselt werden. Ein zusammenhängendes Schienennetz besteht nicht.
In Surinam und in Französisch-Guayana existiert derzeit kein Schienenverkehr. Die Schienennetze im Hinterland Brasiliens, Argentiniens und Chiles sind in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten stark ausgedünnt worden.
Für den Personenverkehr besitzt der Schienenverkehr nur eine untergeordnete Bedeutung, häufig im Vorortverkehr. Wichtiger ist hier der Güterverkehr.
Bauprojekte für Pipelines sind ebenfalls in Planung. Bis zum Jahre soll mit gemeinsamer Währung , einem Südamerika- Parlament und einheitlichen Reisepässen eine der Europäischen Union vergleichbare Integration erreicht werden.
Trotz aller Fortschritte erscheint derzeit Stand fraglich, ob die Ziele bereits erreicht werden können. Die verschiedenen wirtschaftlichen und politischen Bündnisse verfolgen zum Teil unterschiedliche Ziele, vor allem was den Freihandel und die Kooperation mit den USA und anderen Weltmächten angeht.
Häufig mangelt es auch an der Bereitschaft ihrer Mitglieder, umfangreiche Kompetenzen an die supranationalen Bündnisse abzutreten.
Siehe auch : Liste südamerikanischer Inseln. Mediendatei abspielen. Die Kontinente. These cities are the only cities on the continent to exceed eight million, and three of five in the Americas.
Five of the top ten metropolitan areas are in Brazil. Whilst the majority of the largest metropolitan areas are within Brazil, Argentina is host to the second largest metropolitan area by population in South America: the Buenos Aires metropolitan region is above 13 million inhabitants.
South America has also been witness to the growth of megapolitan areas. The top ten largest South American metropolitan areas by population as of , based on national census numbers from each country:.
Since , the continent has experienced remarkable growth and diversification in most economic sectors.
Most agricultural and livestock products are destined for the domestic market and local consumption. However, the export of agricultural products is essential for the balance of trade in most countries.
The main agrarian crops are export crops, such as soy and wheat. The production of staple foods such as vegetables, corn or beans is large, but focused on domestic consumption.
Livestock raising for meat exports is important in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Colombia. In tropical regions the most important crops are coffee , cocoa and bananas , mainly in Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador.
Traditionally, the countries producing sugar for export are Peru, Guyana and Suriname, and in Brazil, sugar cane is also used to make ethanol.
On the coast of Peru, northeast and south of Brazil, cotton is grown. Fifty percent of the South American surface is covered by forests, but timber industries are small and directed to domestic markets.
In recent years, however, transnational companies have been settling in the Amazon to exploit noble timber destined for export. The Pacific coastal waters of South America are the most important for commercial fishing.
The anchovy catch reaches thousands of tons, and tuna is also abundant Peru is a major exporter. The capture of crustaceans is remarkable, particularly in northeastern Brazil and Chile.
In the tourism sector, a series of negotiations began in to promote tourism and increase air connections within the region.
Industries in South America began to take on the economies of the region from the s when the Great Depression in the United States and other countries of the world boosted industrial production in the continent.
From that period the region left the agricultural side behind and began to achieve high rates of economic growth that remained until the early s when they slowed due to political instabilities, economic crises and neoliberal policies.
Since the end of the economic crisis in Brazil and Argentina that occurred in the period from to , which has led to economic recession , rising unemployment and falling population income, the industrial and service sectors have been recovering rapidly.
All of South America after this period has been recovering and showing good signs of economic stability, with controlled inflation and exchange rates, continuous growth, a decrease in social inequality and unemployment—factors that favor industry.
The main industries are: electronics, textiles, food, automotive, metallurgy, aviation, naval, clothing, beverage, steel, tobacco, timber, chemical, among others.
The economic gap between the rich and poor in most South American nations is larger than on most other continents.
The four countries with the strongest agriculture are Brazil , Argentina , Chile and Colombia. Brazil is the world's largest exporter of chicken meat : 3.
The country was the second largest producer of beef in , responsible for This year, the country produced In , Argentina was the 4th largest producer of beef in the world, with a production of 3 million tons behind only USA, Brazil and China.
Uruguay is also a major meat producer. In , it produced thousand tons of beef. In chicken meat production, Argentina ranks among the 15 largest producers in the world, and Peru and Colombia among the 20 biggest producers.
In beef production, Colombia is one of the 20 largest producers in the world. In honey production, Argentina ranks among the 5 largest producers in the world, and Brazil among the 15 largest.
In terms of production of cow's milk , Argentina ranks among the 20 largest producers in the world. The World Bank annually lists the top manufacturing countries by total manufacturing value.
Brazil has the third-largest manufacturing sector in the Americas. Accounting for In the food industry , in , Brazil was the second largest exporter of processed foods in the world.
Chile contributes about a third of the world copper production. In , Peru was the 2nd largest producer of silver and copper in the world, and the 6th largest producer of gold the 3 metals that generate the highest value , in addition to being the 3rd largest producer in the world of zinc and tin and 4th in lead.
Bolivia is the 5th largest producer of tin , the 7th largest producer of silver , and the 8th largest producer of zinc in the world  . In the production of oil , Brazil was the 10th largest oil producer in the world in , with 2.
Venezuela had a big drop in production after where it produced 2. In the production of natural gas , in , Argentina produced bcf billion cubic feet , Venezuela , Brazil , Bolivia , Peru , Colombia In the beginning of , in the production of oil and natural gas , Brazil exceeded 4 million barrels of oil equivalent per day, for the first time.
In January this year, 3. Grape plantation in Argentina. Argentina and Chile are among the 10 largest grape and wine producers in the world and Brazil among the 20 largest.
Maize in Dourados. Brazil and Argentina are among the 5 largest world producers. Neugebauer Chocolate Factory in Arroio do Meio.
South America specializes in food processing. Brazil is one of the 10 largest steel producers in the world, and Argentina is one of the 30 largest.
Klabin industrial complex, in Ortigueira. Brazil is the second largest pulp producer and the eighth largest paper producer in the world.
Portico of the Democrata men's shoe factory, in Franca. Brazil is the fourth largest shoe manufacturer in the world.
Hering , in Santa Catarina, Brazil. The country has one of the 5 largest textile industries in the world.
General Motors plant in Rosario. Brazil is among the 10 largest vehicle manufacturers in the world and Argentina among the 30 largest. Colombian emerald.
The country is the largest producer of emeralds in the world, and Brazil is one of the largest producers. Tourism brings important currencies to the continent.
Honey production in Argentina. The country is the third largest producer of honey in the world. Sunflower plantation in Argentina.
The country is the world's third largest producer of sunflower seed. Palm plantation in Magdalena. Colombia is one of the top 5 palm oil producers in the world.
Pineapple in Brazil. The country is the 3rd largest producer in the world. Tourism has increasingly become a significant source of income for many South American countries.
Historical relics, architectural and natural wonders, a diverse range of foods and culture, vibrant and colorful cities, and stunning landscapes attract millions of tourists every year to South America.
South Americans are culturally influenced by their indigenous peoples, the historic connection with the Iberian Peninsula and Africa, and waves of immigrants from around the globe.
South American nations have a rich variety of music. People on the Peruvian coast created the fine guitar and cajon duos or trios in the most mestizo mixed of South American rhythms such as the Marinera from Lima , the Tondero from Piura , the 19th century popular Creole Valse or Peruvian Valse, the soulful Arequipan Yaravi, and the early 20th century Paraguayan Guarania.
In the late 20th century, Spanish rock emerged by young hipsters influenced by British pop and American rock. Brazil has a Portuguese-language pop rock industry as well a great variety of other music genres.
In the central and western regions of Bolivia, Andean and folklore music like Diablada , Caporales and Morenada are the most representative of the country, which were originated by European, Aymara and Quechua influences.
Bahia , Brazil, is especially well known for its West African—influenced cuisine. The Paraguayan version, terere , differs from other forms of mate in that it is served cold.
Pisco is a liquor distilled from grapes in Peru and Chile. The Colombian Fernando Botero is one of the greatest exponents of painting and sculpture that continues still active and has been able to develop a recognizable style of his own.
A wide range of sports are played in the continent of South America, with football being the most popular overall, while baseball is the most popular in Venezuela.
Other sports include basketball , cycling , polo , volleyball , futsal , motorsports , rugby mostly in Argentina and Uruguay , handball , tennis , golf , field hockey , boxing and cricket.
Argentina and Uruguay have two titles each. So far four South American nations have hosted the tournament including the first edition in Uruguay The other three were Brazil , , Chile , and Argentina The first edition was held in La Paz in and the most recent took place in Santiago in South American Cricket Championship is an international limited-overs cricket tournament played since featuring national teams from South America and certain other invited sides including teams from North America, currently played annually but until was usually played every two seasons.
Due to the diversity of topography and pluviometric precipitation conditions, the region's water resources vary enormously in different areas.
In the Andes , navigation possibilities are limited, except for the Magdalena River, Lake Titicaca and the lakes of the southern regions of Chile and Argentina.
Irrigation is an important factor for agriculture from northwestern Peru to Patagonia. Most of the continent's energy is generated through hydroelectric power plants , but there is also an important share of thermoelectric and wind energy.
Brazil and Argentina are the only South American countries that generate nuclear power , each with two nuclear power plants.
In these countries signed a peaceful nuclear cooperation agreement. The Brazilian government has undertaken an ambitious program to reduce dependence on imported petroleum.
Brazil was the 10th largest oil producer in the world in , with 2. Production manages to supply the country's demand.
Brazil is one of the main world producers of hydroelectric power. In , Brazil had hydroelectric plants in operation, with an installed capacity of 98, MW, The region's installed electricity generation capacity totaled almost 42, MW, which represented about a third of Brazil's generation capacity.
The South Region owns the Itaipu Dam , which was the largest hydroelectric plant in the world for several years, until the inauguration of Three Gorges Dam in China.
It remains the second largest operating hydroelectric in the world. It has an installed generation capacity of 14 GW for 20 generating units of MW each.
Brazil's hydroelectric potential has not yet been fully exploited, so the country still has the capacity to build several renewable energy plants in its territory.
Nuclear energy is produced by two reactors at Angra. It consists of two pressurized water reactors , Angra I, with capacity of MW, connected to the power grid in , and Angra II, with capacity of 1, MW, connected in Transport in South America is basically carried out using the road mode, the most developed in the region.
There is also a considerable infrastructure of ports and airports. The railway and fluvial sector, although it has potential, is usually treated in a secondary way.
Brazil has more than 1. The two most important highways in the country are BR and BR The three most important highways in the country are Route 9 , Route 7 and Route The most important highway in the country is the Route 5 Pan-American Highway  These 4 countries are the ones with the best road infrastructure and with the largest number of double-lane highways.
Due to the Andes Mountains , Amazon River and Amazon Forest , there have always been difficulties in implementing transcontinental or bioceanic highways.
Practically the only route that existed was the one that connected Brazil to Buenos Aires, in Argentina and later to Santiago, in Chile. However, in recent years, with the combined effort of countries, new routes have started to emerge, such as Brazil-Peru Interoceanic Highway , and a new highway between Brazil, Paraguay, northern Argentina and northern Chile Bioceanic Corridor.
There are more than 2, airports in Brazil. The country has the second largest number of airports in the world, behind only the United States.
Peru has important ports in Callao , Ilo and Matarani. The Brazilian railway network has an extension of about 30, kilometers. It's basically used for transporting ores.
It came to have about , km of rails, but the lifting of tracks and the emphasis placed on motor transport gradually reduced it.
It has four different trails and international connections with Paraguay, Bolivia, Chile, Brazil and Uruguay. Chile has almost 7, km of railways, with connections to Argentina, Bolivia and Peru.
Colombia has only about 3, km of railways. In Brazil, this transport is still underutilized: the most important waterway stretches, from an economic point of view, are found in the Southeast and South of the country.
Its full use still depends on the construction of locks, major dredging works and, mainly, of ports that allow intermodal integration.
In addition, there is the Pan-American Highway , which crosses the Andean countries from north to south, although some stretches are unfinished.
Brazil and Argentina also stand out in the road sector. The two main merchant fleets also belong to Brazil and Argentina. The following are those of Chile, Venezuela, Peru and Colombia.
The main public transport in major cities is the bus. Many cities also have a diverse system of metro and subway trains, the first of which was the Buenos Aires subte , opened Rio de Janeiro installed the first railroad of the continent in Today the city has a vast and diversified system of metropolitan trains, integrated with buses and subway.
In most of the countries with English as an official language, however, it is considered a continent ; see Americas terminology. North America.
South America. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Continent mostly in the Southern Hemisphere of Planet Earth. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. External 1—3. Internal 1—5.
Main article: Geography of South America. See also: Category:Environment of South America. Main article: History of South America.
Main articles: Spanish colonization of the Americas and Portuguese colonization of the Americas. By country or region. Opposition and resistance.
See also: Slavery among the indigenous peoples of the Americas and Atlantic slave trade. Main articles: Spanish American wars of independence and Independence of Brazil.
See also: List of South American countries by population and List of sovereign states and dependent territories in South America by median age of population.
This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Section seem plagued by OR and inconsistencies.
Please help improve this section if you can. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Ethnic groups in South America.
Their language is co-official in Bolivia and Peru. Traditional lifestyle includes llama herding. The ethnic group is also found in Bolivia.
Juris Kuna live on the Colombia — Panama border. Mapuche — live mainly in southern Chile and southwestern Argentina. Quechuas — make up a large part of the population of Peru and Bolivia.
Are diverse as an ethnic group. The Incas spoke Southern Quechua. South American cities. Buenos Aires. Rio de Janeiro. This section needs to be updated.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. March Salmon farming in Chile.
A small number of Sindhis that arrived from Suriname and Central America in to set up shop as traders in the city of Manaus is considered to be the first wave of immigration.
The second wave consisted of university professors who arrived in the s and also in the s. A few Indians had gone to Chile in the s. The others migrated there about 30 years ago [ when?
The Hindu Community in Chile comprises more than members. Among these, people 90 families lives in the Capital city Santiago.
Most of the Hindus in Chile are Sindhis. The activities of businessmen in Santiago are mainly confined to imports and retail stores.
Hinduism in Colombia was mainly introduced with the arrival of Indians , especially Indian migrant workers from Trinidad and Tobago , Guyana , and Suriname.
Most of the Hindus in French Guiana are of Surinamese origin. According to the census 1. During the indenture period, the East Indian caste system broke down.
Hinduism was redefined, and caste-distinguishing practices were eliminated. Christian missionaries attempted to convert East Indians during the indenture period, beginning in , but met with little success.
The missionaries blamed the Brahmins for their failure: the Brahmins began administering spiritual rites to all Hindus regardless of caste once the Christian missionaries started proselytizing in the villages, hastening the breakdown of the caste system.
After the s, Hindu conversions to Christianity slowed because the status of Hinduism improved and the discrimination against Hindus diminished.
In areas where there are large percentage of Indo Guyanese residing together — Mandirs of various sizes can be found, according to the population.
Since the late s, reform movements caught the attention of many Guyanese Hindus. The most important, the Arya Samaj movement, arrived in Guyana in Arya Samaj doctrine rejects the idea of caste and the exclusive role of Brahmins as religious leaders.
The movement preaches monotheism and opposition to the use of images in worship as well as many traditional Hindu rituals. Approximately between , and , identified themselves as Hindus in the census.
In the census, it was estimated that about Hindus live in Paraguay. They make up 0. Paraguay's ambassador to India, Mr Pappalardo, gave Punjab farmers a high opportunity to invest the country.
Later on, the community grew in number marginally until the early 80s, after which many of its members left due to the severe local economic crises and the prevailing terrorism.
Those with relatives in other Latin countries joined them. In the recent past, the size of the community has remained stable.
Most members of the local Indian community are Sindhis. They are reasonably well-off, but very few can be regarded as prosperous. Their general level of education is low.
Most of them speak only their mother tongue and Spanish, with a smattering of English. There is also here a small number of professionals from other parts of India.
Residence permits are not difficult to obtain in Peru. But citizenship is more complicated and only a small number of Indians have obtained it — not more than 10 out of a total of almost forty people.
While a few cultural activities are organized by the more enterprising people of Indian origin, in general they maintain a low profile.